What is the difference between a condenser microphone and a dynamic microphone?
A microphone is more than just a voice amplifier. Used in telecommunications, in sound systems, in sound recording, particularly in music, this equipment comes in various types. For their needs, some choose the condenser microphone. Others, on the other hand, opt for the dynamic microphone. What difference is there between the two? Here’s what you need to know about these two devices.
The dynamic microphone and the static microphone: a very different mode of operation
Although their functions are the same, the condenser microphone and the dynamic microphone do not work in the same way. Indeed, to work, the static microphone also called studio microphone necessarily needs a power supply. Its so-called Phantom power supply is 48v. It is provided by the console or the preamp. Without electric current, having your voice recorded or amplified becomes impossible.
Unlike the studio microphone, the dynamic microphone or stage microphone does not need a power supply before operating. This would mean that even without electricity, you can perform your various tasks. It can stay in one hand and be carried some distance from the speaker.
Condenser mic shows more sensitivity than dynamic mic
Another difference between the condenser microphone and the dynamic microphone is their degree of sensitivity. Microphones record or amplify voices, however, not all microphones do it the same way. Indeed, the static microphone is known for its ultra-sensitivity. It is able to pick up the smallest of sound vibrations.
The rubbing of clothes, the sound of footsteps, the hiss of breathing, the gurgling of the stomach, etc. everything is recorded! Its ultra-sensitivity makes it less used by musical artists during concerts. You have to be in a suitable environment (studio) to use it. Unlike the condenser microphone, the dynamic or stage microphone is not sensitive.
It picks up less noise and sounds emitted around it and absorbs large sound volumes. That’s why on stage or podium, singers or presenters prefer it. It causes fewer problems.
The dynamic microphone more resistant than the static microphone
Hypersensitive and very popular for recordings in a studio , the condenser microphone however shows limits in terms of resistance. Indeed, it is fragile and does not support humidity. It can disappoint by a breakdown in the event of prolonged exposure to too high hygrometric levels. This is why specialists advise to use it with delicacy and to put it in their case after each use. In addition, it attracts dust more easily.
Less sensitive to the captivity of sounds, the dynamic microphone exudes incredible solidity. Sound specialists call it an all – terrain mic . Indeed, it is very enduring and requires less care and delicacy. It easily absorbs shocks. The dynamic microphone may therefore hit the ground and continue to function. This is why musical artists appreciate it when they are on stage. Because they know that in the event of a shock, this material can continue to be used.
The static microphone, sound equipment more suitable for recording songs
To record their sounds, musical artists need high- performance equipment capable of enhancing their voice. And in this respect, the condenser microphone is very advantageous. The sound quality it provides is significantly better than that released by the dynamic microphone. The approximate does not exist with this type of microphone. The result he produces is always impeccable. This is why it bears the nickname of studio microphone.
The dynamic microphone, although not suitable for the studio environment , is suitable for picking up the sound of acoustic guitar, brass, drums and percussion. In addition, its price is more accessible than that of the condenser microphone.