How to make a mod for Minecraft

How to make a mod for Minecraft: You’ve often used mods for Minecraft, Mojang’s popular sandbox title, and would love to create one to bring your dream item to life in the game. On the other hand, who has never dreamed of having, for example, a donut in Minecraft? For this reason, you have tried to search online for information about it, but you could not find anything of interest or the proposed instructions were difficult to understand. Well, you’ll be happy to know that you’ve finally come to the right place!

In today’s guide, in fact, I will explain how to create a mod for Minecraft. Yes, you got it right, I will show you in detail how to bring the object of your dreams to life within the Mojang title. All this simply by using free tools and without going to put your hand to the game code in any way. In fact, during the tutorial I will explain with simple and quick examples how to use the software that allows you to make changes on Minecraft: in this way, I can assure you that, even if you feel a novice with mods, you will be able to bring home the desired result.

What do you say? Are you ready to proceed? In my opinion yes, since you have come this far and I see you very motivated in wanting to create your first mod for Minecraft. All you have to do is take some time off and follow the quick instructions below. I have nothing else to do, except wish you good reading and have fun!


  • Preliminary information
  • How to install MCreator
    • Windows
    • macOS
  • How to make a Minecraft mod with Java
  • How to make a mod for Minecraft 1.12.2

Preliminary information

Before going into the details of the procedure on how to create a mod for Minecraft, I think it may interest you to know more about this possibility offered by the Mojang title.

Mods are nothing more than “modifications” that are made to the game. The user can then add objects not present in the original title or recreate real videogame experiences that were not foreseen by the developers. To give you a concrete example, some examples of mods are the ones I used for the guides on how to have the cape on Minecraft (mod Advanced Capes ) and on how to spawn Herobrine (mod Herobrine datapack ).

Mods are mainly used in the Java version of Minecraft for Windows and macOS, as the latter lends itself well to adding content via .jar files.

In fact, fans of the Mojang title have also managed to find ways to use mods in the mobile version of Minecraft. However, you have to modify the internal files of the game and this can compromise the game experience. My advice, therefore, is to leave it alone and use the “tweaks” only in the Java version of the game, which I will focus on in today’s tutorial.

In this regard, I inform you that the program to create mod that is used by enthusiasts is called MCreator and, to use it, it is necessary that the system in use meets the following minimum requirements.

  • Operating system:Windows 7/8 // 8.1 / 10, OSX Leopard or above;
  • Processor:Intel / AMD dual-core;
  • RAM:4GB;
  • Internal memory:280MB;
  • Internet connection required.

To run MCreator at its best, the developers recommend referring to the following requirements.

  • Operating system:Windows 7/8 // 8.1 / 10, OSX Leopard or above 64-bit;
  • Processor:Intel / AMD quad-core;
  • RAM:8GB;
  • Internal memory:500MB;
  • Reliable internet connection required.

For more details on the requirements, I recommend that you take a look at the official MCreator website (in English). If, on the other hand, you do not know how to compare these data with those of your computer, I invite you to consult my guide on how to see the characteristics of your PC.

How to install MCreator

After having explained to you, in detail, what they are for and how the mods are managed on Minecraft, I would say that you are ready to proceed with the installation of MCreator: the program that will allow you to create them.


The Java version of Minecraft is played a lot on computers running Windows and therefore you may want to learn how to install MCreator on this platform.

To proceed, connect to the official MCreator website and press the Download button in the center of the page. At this point, depending on the architecture used by your operating system, press the 64-bit or 32-bit icon, located next to the EXE Installer. I remind you that by doing so, you will download the latest version of MCreator available, while if you have an “old” version of Minecraft you can find the previous files on the dedicated page on the Mcreator portal.

Now, open the MCreator [version] [Minecraft version] Windows [architecture] .exe file you just downloaded and press the NextI agreeInstall and Finish buttons in succession. In this way, MCreator will be installed on your computer and will start automatically.

For more details on the installation procedure of MCreator for Windows, I suggest you take a look at the official guidelines (in English).


Installing MCreator is also very simple on macOS: all you have to do is connect to the official website, click on the Download button and press the 64-bit button next to the DMG image item, in order to download the program on your computer.

When the download is complete, open the MCreator [version] [Minecraft version] macOS [architecture] .dmg file that has just been downloaded and drag the MCreator icon into the Applications folder. You may be prompted to enter your computer’s local password. If you don’t know how to open the Applications folder on macOS, just press the Go item in the top bar and select the word Applications.

Perfect, now MCreator is correctly installed. At the first start, you will have to right-click on the software icon and select the Open item twice consecutively (this operation is only necessary at the first start and serves to bypass the macOS restrictions on applications from non-certified developers). For more information on MCreator for macOS, I invite you to consult the official guidelines (in English).

How to make a Minecraft mod with Java

Once you’ve successfully installed the MCreator program, it’s time to start creating your own custom Minecraft mod.

At the first start, you will be asked if you want to register a Pylo account: you can safely press the Skip button since the program can be used without necessarily having to publish your creations on the platform. At this point, press the + icon (New workspace), enter the name of the mod (its ID will be generated automatically), select the version of Minecraft you have and press the Create new workspace button.

The initial page of the MCreator project will therefore appear on the screen: from here you can access all the tools necessary to create the mod. At this point, all you have to do is press the green + icon, present at the top left, select the element you want to add to the game (eg. Armor / Armor, Mob / Enemy, GUI / Card, Achievement / Objective and so on) and complete the various required fields.

To give you a concrete example, I will explain how to create a new food: the donut. To do this, press the green + icon on the top left and select the Food item from the screen that opens. Then, enter the name “Donut” and press the Create new food button.

After this step too, click on the Food Texture box and press the Import texture button. After selecting the image file from your computer (which must be in PNG format ), click first on the Select button and then on the Next page, at the bottom right.

Now, type the name of the food (Name in GUI), select its category (in this case leave Food / Food), choose the maximum number that this element can have for each slot ( Stack size, usually it is 64), choose the nutritional value (Nutritional value, how much does that food care), tick the boxes to decree if it is a dog food (dogs), if it is always edible (edible) and if it has a similar effect to potions.

Then enter the speed at which the character can eat this food (eg 32) and the animation that is displayed on the screen when it is used (Eat / Eat or Drink / Drink). In this case, I left everything unchanged and simply entered the name “Donut”. Once everything is set up, first click on the Next page button and then on the Save mod element button.

Perfect, now you have successfully created the donut and it is time to try the mod on Minecraft. All you have to do to test your mod is to press the Play icon (green arrow to the right), present at the top right. This will start a Minecraft simulation that will allow you to test your mod. By pressing on the Mods item and scrolling the list you can already see that the mod you created is active.

At this point, press on the Singleplayer item, select the word Create New World, type the name of the temporary game, select the Creative mode and press the Create New World button at the bottom left. Then, press the E button on the keyboard, select the compass icon located at the top right, search for “donut” in the search field and move the donut icon to one of the empty spaces at the bottom.

Once you have verified that everything is working correctly, you just have to go back to the main MCreator screen, select the Workspace item at the top and press first on Export to JAR and, subsequently, on I agree, export the mod.

I remind you that, to publish your mod and therefore make it downloadable for everyone, you must be the owner of all the contents in it. For example, the donut mod may not be publishable if made using an image made by other people and protected by copyright.

That said, let’s move on. Now you just have to enter the name of the jar file, select the folder where you want to save it and press the Save button.

Well: you just created your first mod. In case you don’t know how to apply it, I suggest you consult my guide on how to install mods on Minecraft. Alternatively, you can also use the Forge profile and apply the jar file in the way I explained in the guide on how to get the cape on Minecraft for free.

How to make a mod for Minecraft 1.12.2

Once you have learned how to make a mod for Minecraft, making a jar file compatible with version 1.12.2, one of the most popular of the Mojang title, is a breeze.

In fact, all you have to do is follow the directions that I illustrated in the chapter on how to create a Minecraft mod with Java and be careful to download the version of MCreator compatible with Minecraft 1.12.2 and select this version when creating the project. In short, nothing could be simpler!


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